Rallies and demonstrations have been held in many cities in Pakistan to condemn the agreement between the UAE and Israel.  11. Dispute Settlement: Dispute Settlement: Disputes arising out of the application or interpretation of this Treaty shall be settled through negotiation. Such disputes, which cannot be resolved through negotiation, may be subject to arbitration or arbitration, subject to the consent of the Parties. VaE and Israel sign agreements on aviation, investment protection, science and technology. Palestinian nervousness will increase now that Bahrain has joined the agreement. The Uae and Israel have signed four agreements on visa waiver, aviation, economic cooperation and investment protection. Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) signed four agreements on the Gulf state`s first high-level visit to Tel Aviv since the two countries` controversial decision last month to establish official relations. In the region, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan and Oman have publicly welcomed the Abraham Accords.
Saudi Arabia has remained silent, although there is much speculation among analysts that this non-response is a sign that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman supports the deal, but is limited because his father, the king, opposes normalization with Israel. Iran, Qatar and Turkey have criticized the deal, with the latter threatening to withdraw its ambassador from Abu Dhabi. Civil society organizations in the region remain firmly opposed to the normalization of relations with Israel. These include groups in the Gulf that have explicitly spoken out against the Israeli-Emirati deal. The Palestinians see the new agreements as a weakening of a long-standing pan-Arab position that calls for Israeli withdrawal from the occupied territories and acceptance of a Palestinian state in exchange for normal relations with Arab countries. South Africa`s Ministry of International Relations and Cooperation regretted that the agreement was reached without consulting the Palestinians, even though the agreement is linked to their future, noting that the agreement does not guarantee a permanent suspension of the annexation of parts of the West Bank.  «I have made it clear that the nations of the regions must decide what kind of future they want for their children, for their families, and for their nation itself,» Trump said shortly before the signing ceremony. At the US-sponsored event, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu signed agreements with Emirati Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Bahraini Foreign Minister Abdullatif Al Zayani. The Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement stressing that as a member of the United Nations Security Council and the Middle East Quartet, it supports the two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He noted that the agreement suspended the annexation of parts of the West Bank, which he described as an important element of the agreement, and said annexation plans were a major obstacle to the resumption of Israeli-Palestinian dialogue.
 Russian President Vladimir Putin said in a phone call with Netanyahu on August 24 that he hoped the deal would increase stability and security in the Middle East.  Ordinary Palestinians turned to social media to protest the deal, and some also insulted the UAE. Meanwhile, Abbas Zaki, a member of Fatah`s Central Committee, called the agreement a violation of the Arab consensus on how to deal with the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He accused the UAE of betraying Arabs and Palestinians before urging the ANP to step down its UAE ambassador, and also called on the Arab League to cancel the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative.  The government of Oman publicly supported the agreement (which it called «historic»).  The Grand Mufti of Oman, Ahmed bin Hamad al-Khalili, indirectly criticized the treaty.  Iraqi government spokesman Ahmed Mulla Talal said that Iraq would not interfere in the sovereign affairs of other countries, but that its laws did not allow for the normalization of relations with Israel.  At a ceremony at the White House on September 15, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates signed agreements to establish full diplomatic, cultural, and trade relations with Israel.
The agreement with the United Arab Emirates was officially called the Abraham Accords Peace Agreement: Peace Treaty, Diplomatic Relations and Full Normalization between the United Arab Emirates and the State of Israel. The agreement between Bahrain and Israel was officially called the Abraham Accords: Declaration of Peace, Cooperation, and Constructive Diplomatic and Friendly Relations and was announced by the United States on September 11.  Donald Trump receives Middle Eastern leaders at the White House, while the Palestinians condemn the signing of agreements as «a sad day». The agreement between Israel and the UAE promises to establish normal relations between the two countries. These include business relations, tourism, direct flights, scientific cooperation and, over time, comprehensive diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level. However, the Emiratis are unlikely to locate their embassy in Jerusalem. An important part of the Abraham Accords, while not explicitly stated, is increased security cooperation against regional threats, particularly from Iran and its proxies. It is important to note that Israel and the UAE have reportedly already established security relations, but the deal brings them to the public. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (from left to right), President Trump, Bahraini Foreign Minister Abdullatif bin Rashid Al Zayani and Emirati Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan greet from the Truman Balcony of the White House. The group participated in the signing of the Abraham Accords on Tuesday. Saul Loeb/AFP via Getty Images Hide the caption Following the agreed protocol signed between the parties in Abu Dhabi on 1 September 2020, the parties are working together to rapidly deepen and expand bilateral investment relations and give high priority to the conclusion of financial and investment agreements, underlining the key role of these agreements in the economic development of the parties and the Middle East as a whole. The Parties reaffirm their determination to protect investors, consumers, market integrity and financial stability and to comply with all applicable regulatory standards. Recognizing their common objective of advancing regional economic development and the movement of goods and services, the Parties shall endeavour to promote cooperation on strategic regional infrastructure projects and shall consider the establishment of a multilateral working group for the «Paths to Regional Peace» project.
Yousef Al Otaiba, the Emirati ambassador to the United States, issued a statement on August 13 praising the agreement as «a victory for diplomacy and for the region» and adding how it «reduces tensions and creates new energy for positive change.»   As a condition of the UAE`s agreement to normalize relations, Netanyahu agreed to freeze his plan to annex parts of the West Bank. But the Palestinians seemed like an afterthought, barely mentioned in the day`s official remarks. Among those in attendance was Trump`s son-in-law and senior adviser, Jared Kushner, who has made middle east peace a central part of his work in the White House and helped broker the deals. With the new agreement, he said, «we are already witnessing a change in the heart of the Middle East – a change that will send hope to the whole world.» Jared Kushner, the trump administration`s top official involved in negotiating the deal, told CBS News that the deal would make the Middle East more peaceful and hopeful, meaning fewer U.S. troops would have to be stationed in the region.  Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the agreement was an important step toward stabilizing the region and good for the entire world.  News International reported that after consultations and after considering the pros and cons of development in Pakistan`s national interest, Pakistan will take a position on the agreement between Israel and the UAE. Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi avoided commenting on the sensitive issue.  Despite the apparently Israeli promise to stop the annexation, the Palestinian leadership rejected the agreement and recalled its ambassador from Abu Dhabi.
From the perspective of the Palestinians and their supporters, the deal reflects the bad faith of Israel, the UAE and the US, as the Israelis and Emiratis had already normalised their relations before the Abraham Accords. Nabil Abu Rudeineh [ar], a senior adviser to President Mahmoud Abbas, read an official statement in which the Palestinian leadership rejected the deal, calling it a betrayal of Jerusalem, the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Palestinians.  The Palestinian Authority (PNA) recalled its ambassador from Abu Dhabi.   Palestinian leaders also said that Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh abbas called for and rejected the deal, which Reuters called a «rare demonstration of unity.»  On August 13, 2020, the UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Anwar Gargash, announced the UAE`s agreement to normalize relations with Israel, saying his country wanted to face the threats of the two-state solution, particularly the annexation of the Palestinian territories, and called on Palestinians and Israelis to return to the negotiating table. .